Ribbon microphones are a type of dynamic microphone that uses a thin metal ribbon suspended between two magnets to capture sound. They are known for their warm, vintage sound and are often used for recording vocals, guitars, and brass instruments. Ribbon microphones are more delicate than dynamic or condenser microphones and require special care when handling.
Ribbon microphones are also bidirectional, meaning they pick up sound from both the front and back of the microphone. This makes them useful for recording in stereo or for isolating sounds in a noisy environment. Examples of ribbon microphones include the Royer R-121 and the AEA R84.